Census results spark wave of disputes over new maps
According to population totals released Monday, Texas gains two House seats, while Colorado, Florida, North Carolina, Montana and Oregon each gain one. California, Illinois, Michigan, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia each lost a seat.
New York lost its 27th District seat by a historically small margin – 89 people.
Several times over the past few decades, the last state to lose a seat in Congress has launched a legal challenge to the process, sometimes in multiple cases, over particular administrative decisions made by the Census Bureau on who to count where.
In 2000, Utah launched two unsuccessful challenges to the apportionment process. One sought to count missionaries serving overseas as residents of the state, and the other challenged a statistical method used by the Census Bureau to count nonresponding households. Both efforts were an attempt to secure a congressional seat at the expense of North Carolina.
Such efforts usually don’t succeed, said Tom Wolf, senior counsel at New York University Law School’s Brennan Center for Justice. He pointed out that while states have challenged decisions — like where to count military personnel deployed overseas or whether to count missionaries in their home countries — the Supreme Court has sided with the Office of the Supreme Court. census.