Census tract data highlights needs | New
The Henry County Health Department uses U.S. Census data to identify areas of the county where residents may be more vulnerable to issues that negatively impact their health.
Henry County Health Commissioner Joy Ermie explained that the department typically focuses on ZIP code when reviewing county data, but in the process of applying for a grant to help expand its health care program. community health workers, they looked specifically at census tract data.
Henry County is divided into seven census tracts and indicators are used to determine a Social Vulnerability Index (SVI) for each census tract.
“They give each census tract a score between 0 and 1,” Ermie explained, adding that anything between 0.7501 and 1 is considered high SVI. “These indicators suggest that the overall vulnerability of this population due to their socio-economic status, household composition and disability, minority status and language, as well as housing and transportation, makes it very vulnerable to problems that can negatively affect health”.
Dr. Krista K. Westrick Payne, data technician for the Department of Health, prepared a report on Henry County information which showed that one census tract – number four, which comprises about half of the city of Napoleon – has a high SVI. The data included in the report comes from estimates based on 2020 US Census data, before the COVID-19 pandemic.
In housing, Ermie noted that 56% are renter-occupied homes in zone four, more than double the highest percentage of 25% in zone six, which includes the southeastern part of the county. , including Deshler and Hamler.
“We know that many people in our county have a housing burden, which means over 30% of their income is spent on their home,” Ermie said. “When we look at census tract four, we have more than a third that are in two or more unit structures…and we see more than double any other census track for tenants.”
Sector four also had the highest number of occupied housing units with no vehicle available – 8% – compared to the next highest percentage of 4% in sector three, which is Napoleon’s other half, and sector six.
“It just reiterates that need for Henry County’s transportation system, and why it’s so important to keep them operational and funded,” Ermie added.
Zone four also had the lowest median household income in the county. In 2020 inflation-adjusted dollars, the sector had a median household income of $41,886. The second low was $53,125 in the third zone. Twenty percent of households in the fourth zone live below the poverty line and 18% receive food aid from the supplementary nutritional assistance programme.
In the fourth zone, Ermie also noted that 30% of households have a married couple, 14% are a cohabiting couple, 26% are a single male, and 30% are a single female.
“A lot of people can say, and we hear that anecdotally, ‘They’re living together but they just don’t want to get married,'” Ermie said. “What we find is that they don’t live together. So now you have mom and dad or boyfriend and girlfriend and they’re each paying rent, they’re not getting married and they’re not living together.
Zone four also has the highest number of households in the county without an internet subscription at 17%.
Ermie noted that overall the county-wide numbers could be improved as 16% don’t have an internet subscription in Sector Seven, 14% in Sector Five – which is the eastern part of the county, including McClure and Malinta, 12% each in Sector Six and Sector One – which is the northeast portion including Liberty Center, 10% in Sector Three and 7% in Sector Two – which is the northern portion -western county, including Ridgeville.
Zone four also had the highest percentage of households in the county (26%) where the only type of computing device present is a smartphone.
Ermie also noted that looking at sector four households’ educational attainment, 18% have a bachelor’s degree or higher, 27% have attended college or have an associate’s degree, 49% have a high school diploma or GED and 6% do not. have a high school diploma.
“That doesn’t mean we’re not an educated county, because we absolutely are,” Ermie said. “So what is the disconnect? It is our job to understand what this disconnection is.
Of those in sector four, 78% of men worked full-year full-time, the highest in the county, but 44% of women in sector four worked full-time full-year, the lowest in the county.
The birth rate, which is calculated by the number of women who gave birth in the last year divided by the number of women of childbearing age and multiplied by 1,000, was highest in the fourth zone at 137.5 . The county’s second-highest rate is sector six at 63.8.
Of those in Sector Four, 25.5% rated their health as fair or poor, the highest in the county. Additionally, among those in census tract four, 18.4% rated their mental health as poor for 14 days or more and 17.2% rated their physical health as poor for 14 days or more.
Additional areas where sector four had the most sectors in the county included:
• Race and Hispanic origin of head of household: 8.3% are non-white and 8.2% are Hispanic (any race).
• Lack of health insurance — 14.8%.
• Current smoker: 24.9%.
• Physical inactivity: 34%.
•Health conditions: all teeth lost — 22.9%; arthritis — 33.4%; asthma — 10.5%; cancer — 8.4%; COPD—11.7%; depression — 22.2%; diabetes — 14%; heart disease — 9%; high blood pressure – 38.7%; high cholesterol — 33.4%; kidney disease — 3.7%; obesity — 38.7%; and stroke — 4.6%.