Early census results reveal huge increase in Cork’s population
CORK’s population has grown by more than 7% or 38,000 since the 2016 census, according to preliminary results released today from this year’s census taken in early April.
While the full results of the census taken on April 3 will not be released until next year, preliminary results indicate that Ireland’s population has topped 5.1 million, a 7.6% increase on the 2016 figure The figure for 2022 is 5,123,536, an increase of 361,671 since 2016.
A figure of 581,231 was returned for Cork, down from 542,868 from the 2016 return.
The figure for Cork is combined for the city and county as there has been a boundary change since 2016.
Overall, the population of each county increased between the 2016 census and the 2022 census.
The counties with the highest population growth were Longford (+14%), Meath (+13%), Fingal and Kildare (+11% each).
The counties with the lowest population growth each increased by 5% between 2016 and 2022. These are Donegal, Kilkenny, Kerry and Tipperary.
The drivers of demographic change are natural increase (births minus deaths) and net migration (immigration minus emigration). Births and
deaths are recorded, which allows the calculation of natural increase between 2016 and 2022. Net migration can therefore be estimated as the
residual of subtracting natural increase from population change between censuses.
The total population increase between the 2016 and 2022 censuses was 361,671. Natural increase accounted for 171,338 of the change. The estimate
for net migration is therefore 190,333.
Between 2016 and 2022, there was an average annual net inflow of 31,722 people compared to an average outflow of 4,934 people per year in the intercensal period between 2011 and 2016. The average annual natural increase between 2016 and 2022 was 28 556 people compared to 39,656 between 2011 and 2016.
In Cork, the natural increase in numerical terms was 17,471 while this equated to 5.3 per `1,000.
The net migration figure to Cork during the period between the two censuses, 2016 and 2022, was 20,892 people.
A total of 2,124,590 permanent dwellings were counted in Ireland in the 2022 census. This is an increase of over 120,000 units (6%) between 2016 and 2022.
The number of occupied households increased by more than 150,000 (9%) to 1.86 million while the number of vacant homes fell by more than 16,500 (-9%) to 166,752.
In Cork, there was a 5.5% increase in housing stock over the period, which was less than the 7.1% jump in population.
In terms of vacant properties there were 166,752 such properties in 2022, over 17,000 of these properties, 17,280 to be exact, of these vacant properties were in Cork.
Cork’s population figures are likely to have an impact in several areas of administration, not the least of which is Dáil representation.
The fact that the population per DT has increased to over 30,000 in all Cork constituencies is likely to lead to a redrawing of constituency boundaries ahead of the next election.
In Cork East the population by DT in 2016 was 30,357 – this increased to 32,733 at the 2022 census, while the change in Cork North West was an increase from 29,693 in 2016 to 32,004 this year. This was 6.8% in both constituencies – this was only exceeded in Cork by the 8.1% increase in Cork South West, which equates to an increase per TD from 28,434 to 30 744. There were increases in each of the city’s constituencies, Cork North Central (5.2%) and Cork South Central (6.9%).