Oakland’s population grew by 50,000 over the past decade, according to 2020 census data
Oakland’s population has grown by 50,000 over the past decade, with the city’s Hispanic, white and Asian populations increasing, while the black population has shrunk, according to Census Bureau data released last week.
Oakland now has a total population of 440,646, up 12.8% from the 2010 total of 390,724. The city is 28% Hispanic (up from 25% a decade ago), 27% White (up from 25%), 20% black (vs. 27%) and 15% Asian (vs. 16%), the census data shows.
The city’s overall gains are due in large part to growth in the Hispanic and white populations, which increased by 28% and 18.6% respectively. Between 2010 and 2020, the number of Hispanics living in Oakland jumped by 27,775, from 99,068 to 126,843.
The number of Asians living in Oakland increased by 7.3%, although their percentage of the total population decreased slightly.
The number of black people living in the city fell 14%, continuing a 40-year trend. In 1980, Oakland was 47% black. In 1990, black residents made up 44%, and the population has continued to decline more dramatically in recent years.
Data from the previous decennial census showed that Oakland’s black population fell by 25% between 2000 and 2010. At the time, black ministers and politicians in Oakland pointed to various factors, such as rising costs of housing, lack of job opportunities and security issues, which drove people to move to the suburbs and other towns such as Fairfield, Antioch and Stockton. The black population has increased in these three cities over the past decade, according to the latest census data, while also decreasing in Berkeley and Richmond.
The decline in Oakland’s black population is even more pronounced among children: the number of black youth under the age of 18 in the city has declined by 29%. The number of young Asians also fell by 13%, while the populations of white and Hispanic young people increased by 16% and almost 12% respectively.
Oakland’s Diversity Index, which measures the likelihood that two randomly selected people belong to different ethnic groups, rose slightly from 76% in 2010 to 77% in 2020.