US Census data: Missouri and Kansas have diversified
Like the rest of the country, Missouri and Kansas are increasingly racially and ethnically diverse, according to 2020 census data.
The population increase of about 3% in each state – below the national growth of 7% – was entirely due to residents of color, who now make up 24% of Missouri’s population and 28% of North America’s population. Kansas.
The US Census Bureau released demographic data earlier this month that will be used, among other things, to redraw the country’s political maps.
In addition to demographic changes over the past decade, data showing shifts in racial and ethnic composition are due to changes the U.S. Census Bureau has made to how responses are processed and how it asks questions about the race and ethnicity.
“These actual structural changes in how the survey was collected and recorded are at least partially, if not largely, responsible for the actual changes in race ratios,” said Cory Mihalik, a statistical research consultant at Missouri State. Library.
Over the past 10 years, the country’s multiracial population has skyrocketed to 33.8 million people, more than tripling since 2010.
“The enhancements we’ve made to the 2020 Census paint a more accurate picture of how people identify in response to two separate questions about Hispanic origin and race, revealing that the U.S. population is far more multiracial and more diverse than what we have measured in the past,” said Nicholas Jones, Director and Senior Advisor for Race and Ethnicity Research and Outreach at the Census Bureau.
In Missouri and Kansas, white residents continued to make up the vast majority of the population despite declines of 4% and 5% respectively in non-Hispanic white residents — a trend that mirrors national trends.
The Hispanic, Asian, Hawaiian, Pacific Islander, and multiracial populations of Kansas and Missouri have increased dramatically over the past decade. State black populations increased slightly, showing an increase of 1% in Missouri and 0.4% in Kansas.
Despite increased racial and ethnic diversity statewide, Missouri and Kansas ranked 31st and 36th on the Diversity Index nationwide. The diversity index measures the likelihood that two randomly selected people belong to different racial and ethnic groups.
Of the two states, Wyandotte County is the most racially and ethnically diverse with a diversity index of 71.
Low population growth rates in Kansas and Missouri aligned with trends for the Midwest as a whole. Compared to the west and south, growth in the Midwest and Northeast region of the country has lagged.
However, Kansas City’s population reached an all-time high of over 508,000, up 11% from 2010. Rising white, Hispanic, Asian, and multiracial populations largely account for the population gains. .
Kansas City’s population growth is “a combination of growth and redevelopment in Northland south of the river,” said Frank Lenk, director of research services at the Mid-America Regional Council.
The Kansas City metropolitan area has seen overall growth, especially in the suburbs.
“Urban areas are growing at a much faster rate than rural areas, which has been a trend for quite some time now and was also a trend in the last decennial census,” Mihalik said.
According to Mihalik, this phenomenon is more pronounced in suburban areas.
For example, across Kansas and Missouri, Platte County grew the fastest, increasing its population by almost 20%. Clay County was close behind with 14% growth.
“Platte County is a suburban county growing like all suburbs grow,” Lenk said.
Although most counties in Missouri and Kansas lost residents, Wyandotte and Jackson counties were among those that exceeded population growth estimates.
With 6% growth, Jackson County exceeded expectations by a third, Lenk said. Wyandotte County, with a 7% population increase, grew 50% more than expected.
“These are areas that in the past have seen areas of these counties decline in population,” Lenk said. The change suggests increased development in older parts of the city and new development in undeveloped areas, he said.
On the Kansas side of the metro, Johnson County grew 12%, adding more than 65,000 residents.
“Rural counties continue to lose population and urban counties don’t,” said Donna Ginther, professor of economics and director of the Institute for Policy & Social Research at the University of Kansas. “There are more job opportunities in urban counties, so I think people are moving for those job opportunities.”
The data released on August 12 was the second big set of results from the 2020 census. More detailed data on the size and composition of the country’s population is expected to be released in the coming months.